Allelopathic effect of Fucus vesiculosus (brown alga) and Coccotylus brodiei (red alga) on the growth and photosynthesis performance of Baltic cyanobacteria

Authors

  • Gracjana Budzałek Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, Gdynia, Poland
  • Sylwia Śliwinska-Wilczewska University of Gdańsk https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3147-6605

Keywords:

allelopathy, aqueous extracts, brown algae, cyanobacteria, fluorescence, growth, macroalgae, red algae

Abstract

In aquatic ecosystems, allelopathic activity depends on the production and secretion of active allelopathic compounds and their effective dispersal in the environment. In addition, macroalgae have been found to produce active metabolites that affect other organisms that compete with them for nutrients. However, the allelopathic activity of Baltic red and brown macroalgae on filamentous cyanobacteria is still insufficiently understood. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to demonstrate and compare the allelopathic effects of macroalgae Fucus vesiculosus L. and Coccotylus brodiei (Turner) Kütz. on the growth and photosynthetic activity of two Baltic cyanobacteria Aphanizomenon sp. and Nostoc sp. It was found a stimulating effect of different concentrations (5, 25, and 50 µL mL1) of the aqueous extract obtained from C. brodiei on the number of cells of Nostoc sp. which constituted 108%, 140%, and 147%, respectively, relative to the control treatment.

On the other hand, extracts obtained from F. vesiculosus had no statistically significant effect on the number of cells of the cyanobacteria Aphanizomenon sp. and Nostoc sp. Moreover, the C. brodiei extracts had no significant impact on the growth of Aphanizomenon sp. Furthermore, Baltic macroalgae F. vesiculosus and C. brodiei was able to exert allelopathic effects on photosynthesis performance of Nostoc sp. and Aphanizomenon sp. and compounds produced by them had inhibitory, stimulatory, or no significant effect on the maximum PSII quantum efficiency (Fv/Fm) and the effective quantum yield of PSII photochemistry (ΦPSII). The results obtained in this work constitute an important contribution to the knowledge on the allelopathic activity of Baltic red and brown algae on certain bloom-forming species of filamentous cyanobacteria.

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Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Budzałek, G., & Śliwinska-Wilczewska, S. (2021). Allelopathic effect of Fucus vesiculosus (brown alga) and Coccotylus brodiei (red alga) on the growth and photosynthesis performance of Baltic cyanobacteria. Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Naturae, 6, XX-XX. Retrieved from https://aupcstudianaturae.up.krakow.pl/article/view/8276

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Experimental Biology

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