Phenological growth stages and BBCH-identification keys of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.)

Authors

  • Angelika Kliszcz Department of Agroecology and Plant Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture in Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24917/25438832.6.12

Keywords:

topinambour, BBCH scale, phenological phases

Abstract

Celem pracy było nazwanie i standaryzacja faz rozwojowych słonecznika bulwiastego (Helianthus tuberosus L.), rosnącego w klimacie umiarkowanym, na podstawie klucza oznaczeń BBCH. Tego rodzaju analizę wykonano po raz pierwszy, co było oczekiwane w dyskursie naukowym, jak i praktycznym. Rosnące zainteresowanie tym gatunkiem, zarówno z punktu widzenia naukowego jak i utylitarnego, stawia potrzebę nazwania jego poszczególnych stadiów rozwojowych oraz ich standaryzacji w zakresie nomenklatury. Słonecznik bulwiasty jest rośliną o wielokierunkowym wykorzystaniu w różnych gałęziach przemysłu. Surowcem w przemyśle spożywczym są bulwy, które gromadzą znaczne ilości inuliny – łańcuchowego polimeru fruktozy, o istotnych właściwościach probiotycznych. Dzięki temu bulwy są cennym składnikiem żywności funkcjonalnej, substratem w produkcji farmaceutyków, czy napojów alkoholowych, a także pozwalają na przetrwanie gatunku w środowisku w okresie zimowym. Formowanie się bulw zachodzi przez znaczną część rozwoju ontologicznego gatunku (BBCH 49) i związane jest głównie z fotoperiodem, sumą temperatur efektywnych oraz obecnością nadziemnej biomasy rośliny, z której zachodzi alokacja asymilatów do bulw w okresie rozwoju generatywnego. Spośród wielu innych zastosowań, roślina ta jest wykorzystywana jako surowiec energetyczny, gdyż naturalnie wyschnięta biomasa nadziemna, pod koniec sezonu wegetacyjnego, zawiera niską zawartość wody i plasuje ten gatunek w środku listy roślin energetycznych.

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2021-10-11 — Updated on 2021-11-19

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Kliszcz, A. (2021). Phenological growth stages and BBCH-identification keys of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.). Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Naturae, 6. https://doi.org/10.24917/25438832.6.12

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